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In this paper, we demonstrate the measurements of lateral loads in a distributed manner using long-length fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) based on optical frequency-domain reflectometry (OFDR). Birefringence is induced at specific areas of the long-length FBGs by lateral compression. The distributions of the Bragg peaks were monitored by the OFDR sensing system, from which we calculated the applied lateral loads. Theoretical calculation results confirmed the validity of the experimental results. In addition, position-wise beat signals of the power of the obtained spectra were observed with smaller lateral loads that were not sufficient to provide two distinguished Bragg peaks. This unique phenomenon for the frequency-domain reflectometry scheme is explained theoretically. We proposed a method for utilizing the beat cycle to calculate smaller lateral loads.