By Topic

Readout System With On-Board Demodulation for CMB Polarization Experiments Using Coherent Polarimeter Arrays

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

9 Author(s)
Ishidoshiro, K. ; High Energy Accel. Res. Organ. (KEK), Tsukuba, Japan ; Nagai, M. ; Higuchi, T. ; Hasegawa, M.
more authors

B-modes are special patterns in cosmic microwave background (CMB) polarization. Degree-scale B-modes are smoking-gun signatures of primordial gravitational waves. The generic strategy of CMB polarization experiments is to employ a large number of polarimeters for improving the statistics. The Q/U Imaging ExperimenT-II (QUIET-II) has been proposed to detect B-modes by using the world's largest coherent polarimeter array (2,000 channels). A unique detection technique using QUIET's polarimeters, which comprises a modulation/demodulation scheme, enables us to directly extract polarization signals. The extracted signals are free from unpolarized components and intrinsic 1/f noise. We developed a data readout system for the QUIET-II experiment. We employed a “master” clock strategy, on-board demodulation functions, and end-to-end Ethernet connections for logical simplicity and high-density compact electronics for physical compactness. A clock module acts as a single master and guarantees phase matching between the modulation by the polarimeters and the on-board demodulation by ADC modules. Each ADC module has 64 ADC chips in the VME-6U single slot size. Both modules have hardware processors for Ethernet TCP/UDP. All these modules and control computers are connected via end-to-end Ethernet. Physical compactness and logical simplicity enable us to easily handle a large number of polarimeters, while maintaining quality of the B-mode experiments. The developed electronics (the clock modules and the ADC modules) fulfill these requirements. Tests with a setup similar to that of the real experiment proved that the system works appropriately. The performance of all system components is validated to be suitable for B-mode measurements.

Published in:

Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 3 )