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Stability Properties of the Time Domain Electric Field Integral Equation Using a Separable Approximation for the Convolution With the Retarded Potential

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3 Author(s)
Pray, A.J. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI, USA ; Nair, N.V. ; Shanker, B.

The state of art of time domain integral equation (TDIE) solvers has grown by leaps and bounds over the past decade. During this time, advances have been made in (i) the development of accelerators that can be retrofitted with these solvers and (ii) understanding the stability properties of the electric field integral equation. As is well known, time domain electric field integral equation solvers have been notoriously difficult to stabilize. Research into methods for understanding and prescribing remedies have been on the uptick. The most recent of these efforts are (i) Lubich quadrature and (ii) exact integration. In this paper, we re-examine the solution to this equation using (i) the undifferentiated form of the time domain electric field integral equation (TDEFIE) and (ii) a separable approximation to the spatio-temporal convolution. The proposed scheme can be constructed such that the spatial integrand over the source and observer domains is smooth and integrable. As several numerical results will demonstrate, the proposed scheme yields stable results for long simulation times and a variety of targets, both of which have proven extremely challenging in the past.

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:60 ,  Issue: 8 )