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Cognitive radio is a promising approach for efficient utilization of radio spectrum. Due to its high spectral efficiency and flexibility, OFDM is considered as a good signaling scheme for cognitive radios. In this paper, we investigate the problem of cross-band interference minimization in OFDM-based cognitive systems. Cross-band interference is mainly caused by high OFDM sidelobes. In the first part of our work, we propose a framework to study the trade-off between two recently proposed techniques, adaptive symbol transition which is performed in the time domain, and active interference cancellation which is performed in the frequency domain. We use the trade-off study results to maximize the useful data rate for a desired level of interference. Simulation results show that the best trade-off depends on the configuration of spectral opportunities. In the second part, a new method for interference reduction in multiple-antenna cognitive systems is developed. We show that with knowledge of the channel, the secondary transmitted sequences can be jointly optimized over multiple antennas such that the interference at the primary receiver location is better minimized. Computer simulations demonstrate an improvement of almost 10 dB compared to separate-antenna optimization.
Date of Publication: July 2012