By Topic

Modeling and Delay Analysis of Intermittently Connected Roadside Communication Networks

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

3 Author(s)
Khabbaz, M.J. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Concordia Univ., Montreal, QC, Canada ; Fawaz, W.F. ; Assi, C.M.

Vehicular networks outline a challenging terrestrial application of the emerging delay-tolerant networking (DTN) paradigm where wireless links experience frequent disruptions. Thus, continuous end-to-end paths are unguaranteed. Under such conditions, mobile vehicles present opportunistic relaying capabilities that promote network connectivity, particularly between stationary and isolated roadside units. In this context, we investigate a challenging information-delivery-delay minimization problem. Information is encapsulated into bundles buffered at the source, and vehicles opportunistically transport them to the destination. Consequently, bundles undergo both queueing and transit delays. We propose a probabilistic bundle release scheme (PBRS) under which a roadside unit performs typical Internet-like forwarding where a single bundle is only released to an arriving relatively high-speed vehicle. This ensures a minimized bundle transit. In contrast, under a greedy bundle release scheme (GBRS), a bundle is released to any arriving vehicle, regardless of its speed. Two queueing models are developed to characterize a roadside unit and evaluate its performance under both schemes. A simulation framework is set up to validate these models. Results indicate the inefficiency of the typical Internet packet-like release mechanism as it incurs excessive bundle queueing delays. A bulk bundle release (BBR) extension is proposed as an effective solution. We show that GBRS-BBR outperforms PBRS-BBR.

Published in:

Vehicular Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:61 ,  Issue: 6 )