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Motion strategies for maintaining visibility of a moving target

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4 Author(s)
S. M. LaValle ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., Stanford Univ., CA, USA ; H. H. Gonzalez-Banos ; C. Becker ; J. -C. Latombe

We introduce the problem of computing robot motion strategies that maintain visibility of a moving target in a cluttered workspace. Both motion constraints (as considered in standard motion planning) and visibility constraints (as considered in visual tracking) must be satisfied. Additional criteria, such as the total distance traveled, can be optimized. The general problem is divided into two categories, on the basis of whether the target is predictable. For the predictable case, an algorithm that computes optimal, numerical solutions is presented. For the more challenging case of a partially-predictable target, two online algorithms are presented that each attempt to maintain future visibility with limited prediction. One strategy maximizes the probability that the target will remain in view in a subsequent time step, and the other maximizes the minimum time in which the target could escape the visibility region. We additionally discuss issues resulting from our implementation and experiments on a mobile robot system

Published in:

Robotics and Automation, 1997. Proceedings., 1997 IEEE International Conference on  (Volume:1 )

Date of Conference:

20-25 Apr 1997