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Room Temperature CW Operation of Mid-IR Distributed Feedback Quantum Cascade Lasers for \hbox {CO}_{2}, \hbox {N}_{2} O, and NO Gas Sensing

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7 Author(s)
Feng Xie ; Corning, Inc., Corning, NY, USA ; Caneau, C. ; LeBlanc, H.P. ; Visovsky, N.J.
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We present the design and the performance of midinfrared distributed feedback (DFB) quantum cascade lasers (QCLs) made of strain balanced GaxIn1-xAs/AlyIn1-yAs material on InP substrates for sensing CO2, N2O, and NO in the middle wavelength range of mid-IR from 4 to 6 μm. We present the performances of our DFB QCLs at three different aspects: high power, low threshold power consumption, and wide wavelength coverage. We demonstrated a continuous wave (CW) DFB QCL with an output power of 220mW at 20°C, a CW DFB QCL with low threshold voltage of 8V and low-divergent far-field angles of 27.5° × 32.9° by reducing the number of quantum cascaded stages, a CW DFB QCL with a low threshold power consumption of 0.7W by reducing doping density in the active core, and DFB QCLs wide wavelength coverage of 325 cm-1, 16.9% of center wavelength at 5.2 μm, within one wafer by changing the grating period. 12 DFB QCL chips have being aged for 3000 h under 25°C and a constant quasi-CW current of 0.37 A. No decrease in power was observed.

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Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:18 ,  Issue: 5 )