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A novel dual-broadband multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) antenna system is developed. The MIMO antenna system consists of two dual-broadband antenna elements, each of which comprises two opened loops: an outer loop and an inner loop. The opened outer loop acts as a half-wave dipole and is excited by electromagnetic coupling from the inner loop, leading to a broadband performance for the lower band. The opened inner loop serves as two monopoles. A combination of the two monopoles and the higher modes from the outer loop results in a broadband performance for the upper band. The bandwidths (return loss >;10 dB) achieved for the dual-broadband antenna element are 1.5-2.8 GHz (~ 60%) for the lower band and 4.7-8.5 GHz (~ 58%) for the upper band. Two U-shaped slots are introduced to reduce the coupling between the two dual-broadband antenna elements. The isolation achieved is higher than 15 dB in the lower band and 20 dB in the upper band, leading to an envelope correlation coefficient of less than 0.01. The dual-broadband MIMO antenna system has a compact volume of 50×17×0.8 mm3, suitable for GSM/UMTS/LTE and WLAN communication handsets.
Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, IEEE (Volume:11 )
Date of Publication: 2012