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Real-Time Flash Translation Layer for NAND Flash Memory Storage Systems

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4 Author(s)
Zhiwei Qin ; Dept. of Comput., Hong Kong Polytech. Univ., Kowloon, China ; Yi Wang ; Duo Liu ; Zili Shao

Due to the variable garbage collection latency, NAND flash memory storage systems may suffer long system response time, especially when the flash memory is close to be full. Most of existing flash translation layer (FTL) schemes focus on improving the average response time but ignore to provide a desirable worst case response time upper bound. This paper proposes a Real-time Flash Translation Layer (RFTL) scheme to hide the long garbage collection latency while satisfying a worst case response time upper bound that achieves an ideal case. We achieve this by using a distributed partial garbage collection policy that enables RFTL to reclaim the space and to serve the write requests simultaneously. A new block-level address mapping approach is designed to guarantee enough free space to serve the write request arriving at any time period. Experimental results show that our scheme improves both the worst case system response time and the average system response time compared with previous work.

Published in:

2012 IEEE 18th Real Time and Embedded Technology and Applications Symposium

Date of Conference:

16-19 April 2012