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To design an urban public transport network which has the maximum transport efficiency and optimal robustness, it defined the transport efficiency function of transit network and applied complex network theory to propose complex transit network model driven by transport efficiency. This model took into account the restriction coefficient of road network, passenger congestion, travel demand, station impedance, arc section impedance etc. It was applied to a real case of Meihekou city in Jilin province, China. It analyzed node degree and robustness of the transit network. The results are consistent with the anticipation. So the model got a higher practical value.