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In this paper, a self-optimization model for resource allocation in cooperative relay networks based on game theory is proposed. Every node in the networks can work as a relay node for cooperative communication in the proposed model,. Both the source node and the relay node in the transmission are willing to achieve an optimal power allocation to increase system performance and transmit profits. Simulation results indicate that the self-optimized solutions can be achieved and resource used as relaying for others can be self-configured.