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Routing in Delay/Disruption Tolerant Networks: A Taxonomy, Survey and Challenges

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2 Author(s)
Yue Cao ; Center for Commun. Syst. Res., Univ. of Surrey, Guildford, UK ; Zhili Sun

The introduction of intelligent devices with short range wireless communication techniques has motivated the development of Mobile Ad hoc NETworks (MANETs) during the last few years. However, traditional end-to-end based routing algorithms designed for MANETs are not much robust in the challenged networks suffering from frequent disruption, sparse network density and limited device capability. Such challenged networks, also known as Intermittently Connected Networks (ICNs) adopt the Store-Carry-Forward (SCF) behavior arising from the mobility of mobile nodes for message relaying. In this article, we consider the term ICNs as Delay/Disruption Tolerant Networks (DTNs) for the purpose of generalization, since DTNs have been envisioned for different applications with a large number of proposed routing algorithms. Motivated by the great interest from the research community, we firstly review the existing unicasting issue of DTNs because of its extensive research stage. Then, we also address multicasting and anycasting issues in DTNs considering their perspectives. A detail survey based on our taxonomy over the period from 2006 to 2010 is not only provided but also a comparison is given. We further identify the remaining challenges and open issues followed by an evaluation framework proposed for routing in DTNs. Finally, we summarize our contribution with three future research topics highlighted.

Published in:

Communications Surveys & Tutorials, IEEE  (Volume:15 ,  Issue: 2 )