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Exploiting constructive interference for scalable flooding in wireless networks

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6 Author(s)
Yin Wang ; MOE Key Lab. for Inf. Syst. Security, Tsinghua Univ., Beijing, China ; Yuan He ; XuFei Mao ; Yunhao Liu
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Exploiting constructive interference in wireless networks is an emerging trend for it allows multiple senders transmit an identical packet simultaneously. Constructive interference based flooding can realize millisecond network flooding latency and sub-microsecond time synchronization accuracy, require no network state information and adapt to topology changes. However, constructive interference has a precondition to function, namely, the maximum temporal displacement Δ of concurrent packet transmissions should be less than a given hardware constrained threshold. We disclose that constructive interference based flooding suffers the scalability problem. The packet reception performances of intermediate nodes degrade significantly as the density or the size of the network increases. We theoretically show that constructive interference based flooding has a packet reception ratio (PRR) lower bound (95:4%) in the grid topology. For a general topology, we propose the spine constructive interference based flooding (SCIF) protocol. With little overhead, SCIF floods the entire network much more reliably than Glossy [1] in high density or large-scale networks. Extensive simulations illustrate that the PRR of SCIF keeps stable above 96% as the network size grows from 400 to 4000 while the PRR of Glossy is only 26% when the size of the network is 4000. We also propose to use waveform analysis to explain the root cause of constructive interference, which is mainly examined in simulations and experiments. We further derive the closed-form PRR formula and define interference gain factor (IGF) to quantitatively measure constructive interference.

Published in:

INFOCOM, 2012 Proceedings IEEE

Date of Conference:

25-30 March 2012