Skip to Main Content
This paper focuses on the modeling of solar photovoltaic (PV) cell and the performance of typical solar PV panels in selected areas in the Sultanate of Oman. An accurate solar PV cell electrical model is based on the junction diode equations. The model consists of a photo-current current source, a single diode junction and a series resistance, and takes into account temperature and solar irradiation dependence. The model is developed using MATLAB/Simulink and is used to investigate the variation of the maximum power point for different temperatures and solar irradiation levels. Finally, the model is experimentally validated for a typical 30 Watt solar module connected to a variable load.