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Long-Term Airborne DInSAR Measurements at X- and P-Bands: A Case Study on the Application of Surveying Geohazard Threats to Pipelines

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7 Author(s)
de Macedo, K.A.C. ; Orbisat Remote Sensing, São José dos Campos, Brazil ; Wimmer, C. ; Barreto, T.L.M. ; Lubeck, D.
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Recently some experiments demonstrated that reliable DInSAR measurements can be achieved at any band and that further time-series analyses can be applied to airborne data. However, most of the airborne DInSAR results, including the time-series, published so far have focused on short-term analyses (baselines within hours or few days). This paper presents the first long-term airborne DInSAR survey at P- and X-band with temporal baselines of 1 year and 3 months. The survey was performed by the OrbiSAR system of OrbiSat under contract with Petrobras (PROTRAN), as part of a project to investigate the potential of DInSAR technique to identify, prior to structural damage, geohazards threats to the oil/gas pipelines in São Sebastião-SP, Brazil. After 1 year and 3 months, the P-band data have interferometric coherence equal or greater than 0.3 for approximately 80% of the imaged dense vegetated areas. At X-band, we achieved coherence equal or greater than 0.3 in the urban area. After removing all residual motion errors with proper up-to-date processing, we derived, for the P-band data, land movements with absolute accuracy in the order of centimeters. For X-band we derived land movement measurements with absolute accuracy in the order of millimeters. Through field work evidences, the paper analyses the causes of these centimeter to millimeter land movements, and how they are related to geodynamic processes and geohazard risks. A comparison between the DInSAR and in-loco inclinometer measurements is presented. The paper suggests some possible operational scenarios and discusses on the potential of the airborne DInSAR for geohazard risk monitoring.

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Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:5 ,  Issue: 3 )