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An error free passive UHF RFID system using a new form of wireless signal distribution

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4 Author(s)
Sithamparanathan Sabesan ; Electrical Division, Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, 9 JJ Thomson Avenue, Cambridge, CB3 OFA, U.K ; Michael Crisp ; Richard V. Penty ; Ian H. White

A wide area and error free ultra high frequency (UHF) radio frequency identification (RFID) interrogation system based on the use of multiple antennas used in cooperation to provide high quality ubiquitous coverage, is presented. The system uses an intelligent distributed antenna system (DAS) whereby two or more spatially separated transmit and receive antenna pairs are used to allow greatly improved multiple tag identification performance over wide areas. The system is shown to increase the read accuracy of 115 passive UHF RFID tags to 100% from <;60% over a 10m × 8m open plan office area. The returned signal strength of the tag backscatter signals is also increased by an average of 10dB and 17dB over an area of 10m × 8m and 10m × 4m respectively. Furthermore, it is shown that the DAS RFID system has improved immunity to tag orientation. Finally, the new system is also shown to increase the tag read speed/rate of a population of tags compared with a conventional RFID system.

Published in:

2012 IEEE International Conference on RFID (RFID)

Date of Conference:

3-5 April 2012