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Two-coil based inductive coupling is a commonly used technique for wireless power and data transfer for biomedical implants. Because the source and load resistances are finite, two-coil systems generally achieve a relatively low power transfer efficiency. A novel multi-coil technique (using more than two coils) for wireless power and data transfer is considered to help overcoming this limitation. The proposed multi-coil system is formulated using both network theory and a two-port model. Using three or four coils for the wireless link allows for the source and load resistances to be decoupled from the Q-factor of the coils, resulting in a higher Q -factor and a corresponding improved power transfer efficiency (PTE). Moreover, due to the strong coupling between the driver and the transmitter coil (and/or between the receiver and the load coil), the multi-coil system achieves higher tunable frequency bandwidth as compared to its same sized two-coil equivalent. Because of the wider range of reflected impedance in the multi-coil system case, it is easier to tune the output power to the load and achieve the maximum power transfer condition for given source voltage than in a configuration with two coils. Experimental results showing a three-coil system achieving twice the efficiency and higher gain-bandwidth product compared to its two-coil counterpart are presented. In addition, a figure of merit for telemetry systems is defined to quantify the overall telemetry system performance.
Biomedical Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:7 , Issue: 1 )
Date of Publication: Feb. 2013