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This paper presents a general and accurate approach to determine the no-load flux of field-excited flux-switching (FE-FS) machines. These structures are inherently difficult to model due to their doubly-slotted air gap. This analytical approach is based on magnetomotive force-permeance theory. The analytical model developed is extensively compared to field distribution obtained with 2-D finite element (2-D FE) simulations. The good agreement observed between analytical model and 2-D FE results emphasizes the interest of this general approach regarding the computation time. Hence, this analytical approach is suitable for optimization process in pre-sizing loop. Furthermore, based on the field model, classical electromagnetic performances can be derived, such as flux linkage and back-electromotive force (back-EMF) and also, unbalanced magnetic force. Once again, FE results validate the analytical prediction, allowing investigations on several stator-rotor combinations, or optimization of the back-EMF.
Date of Publication: Sept. 2012