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This paper reports an attempt to rise above the past five years' expositions and studies on 1:1 mobile seamless learning by putting forward the notions of self-directed seamless learning and facilitated seamless learning to distinguish between self- and externally-initiated seamless learning activities. In order to nurture genuine self-directed and therefore life-long learners, seamless learning practitioners ought to develop and enact systematic and cyclic Facilitated Seamless Learning (FSL) processes to enculturate the students. A generic FSL process framework is proposed for both guiding new FSL designs and analyzing existing designs. Two case studies of long-term seamless learning interventions are presented, namely, "Move, Idioms!" and the MLE science curriculum, to illustrate the versatility of the framework. Through our post-study reflections on the underpinning concepts on seamless learning and our empirical findings, we distill additional guidelines for more effective applications of the framework for new seamless learning design.
Date of Conference: 27-30 March 2012