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Direct-detection analog optical links

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4 Author(s)
Cox, C., III. ; Lincoln Lab., MIT, Lexington, MA, USA ; Ackerman, E. ; Helkey, R. ; Betts, G.

We review state-of-the-art intensity-modulation direct-detection (IMDD) analog optical links, focusing on advances since 1990. We contrast direct and external modulation with respect to gain, noise figure, and dynamic-range performance

Published in:

Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 8 )