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Identification of Reduced-Order Thermal Therapy Models Using Thermal MR Images: Theory and Validation

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2 Author(s)
Niu, R. ; Dept. of Chem. Eng., Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA ; Skliar, M.

In this paper, we develop and validate a method to identify computationally efficient site- and patient-specific models of ultrasound thermal therapies from MR thermal images. The models of the specific absorption rate of the transduced energy and the temperature response of the therapy target are identified in the reduced basis of proper orthogonal decomposition of thermal images, acquired in response to a mild thermal test excitation. The method permits dynamic reidentification of the treatment models during the therapy by recursively utilizing newly acquired images. Such adaptation is particularly important during high-temperature therapies, which are known to substantially and rapidly change tissue properties and blood perfusion. The developed theory was validated for the case of focused ultrasound heating of a tissue phantom. The experimental and computational results indicate that the developed approach produces accurate low-dimensional treatment models despite temporal and spatial noises in MR images and slow image acquisition rate.

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Medical Imaging, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:31 ,  Issue: 7 )