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A Globally Optimal Estimator for the Delta-Lognormal Modeling of Fast Reaching Movements

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2 Author(s)
O'Reilly, C. ; Dept. de Genie Electr., Ecole Polytech. de Montreal, Montréal, QC, Canada ; Plamondon, R.

Fast reaching movements are an important component of our daily interaction with the world and are consequently under investigation in many fields of science and engineering. Today, useful models are available for such studies, with tools for solving the inverse dynamics problem involved by these analyses. These tools generally provide a set of model parameters that allows an accurate and locally optimal reconstruction of the original movements. Although the solutions that they generate may provide a data curve fitting that is sufficient for some pattern recognition applications, the best possible solution is often necessary in others, particularly those involving neuroscience and biomedical signal processing. To generate these solutions, we present a globally optimal parameter extractor for the delta-lognormal modeling of reaching movements based on the branch-and-bound strategy. This algorithm is used to test the impact of white noise on the delta-lognormal modeling of reaching movements and to benchmark the state-of-the-art locally optimal algorithm. Our study shows that, even with globally optimal solutions, parameter averaging is important for obtaining reliable figures. It concludes that physiologically derived rules are necessary, in addition to global optimality, to achieve meaningful ΛA extractions which can be used to investigate the control patterns of these movement primitives.

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Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part B: Cybernetics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:42 ,  Issue: 5 )