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A Single-Ended Disturb-Free 9T Subthreshold SRAM With Cross-Point Data-Aware Write Word-Line Structure, Negative Bit-Line, and Adaptive Read Operation Timing Tracing

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11 Author(s)
Ming-Hsien Tu ; Electronics Engineering Department and Institute of Electronics, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu City, Taiwan (R.O.C.) ; Jihi-Yu Lin ; Ming-Chien Tsai ; Chien-Yu Lu
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This paper presents a novel single-ended disturb-free 9T subthreshold SRAM cell with cross-point data-aware Write word-line structure. The disturb-free feature facilitates bit-interleaving architecture, which can reduce multiple-bit upsets in a single word and enhance soft error immunity by employing Error Checking and Correction (ECC) technique. The proposed 9T SRAM cell is demonstrated by a 72 Kb SRAM macro with a Negative Bit-Line (NBL) Write-assist and an adaptive Read operation timing tracing circuit implemented in 65 nm low-leakage CMOS technology. Measured full Read and Write functionality is error free with VDD down to 0.35 V ( 0.15 V lower than the threshold voltage) with 229 KHz frequency and 4.05 μW power. Data is held down to 0.275 V with 2.29 μW Standby power. The minimum energy per operation is 4.5 pJ at 0.5 V. The 72 Kb SRAM macro has wide operation range from 1.2 V down to 0.35 V, with operating frequency of around 200 MHz for VDD around/above 1.0 V.

Published in:

IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits  (Volume:47 ,  Issue: 6 )