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Physical Bounds and Optimal Currents on Antennas

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3 Author(s)
Gustafsson, M. ; Dept. of Electr. & Inf. Technol., Lund Univ., Lund, Sweden ; Cismasu, M. ; Jonsson, B.L.G.

Physical bounds on the directivity Q-factor quotient and optimal current distributions are determined for antennas of arbitrary shape and size using an optimization formulation. A variational approach offers closed form solutions for small antennas expressed in the polarizability of the antenna structure. Finite sized antennas are solved using Lagrangian parameters in a method of moments formulation. It is also shown that the optimal charge density for a small antenna can be generated by several current densities. Numerical examples for small and large antennas are used to illustrate the results.

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:60 ,  Issue: 6 )