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Among other functions, the smart grid is a vehicle to maximize the penetration of wind power by exploiting the use of energy storage devices in order to maximize the utilization of renewable energy and bring about maximum reduction in emissions. Large number of electric vehicles in a parking lot enabled to carry out vehicle-to-grid (V2G) transactions has been termed as a `SmartPark' by the author. The use of vehicle-to-grid technology, information technology and advanced computational methods can provide short term real and reactive power support to overcome the drawback of the intermittent nature of renewable sources of electricity. This paper presents the intelligent control of SmartParks to enhance a smart grid's capability to compensate and mitigate active and reactive power fluctuations caused by the variability in wind power penetration in selected transmission lines and network buses.
Date of Conference: 4-8 March 2012