By Topic

An All-Digital PLL Frequency Synthesizer With an Improved Phase Digitization Approach and an Optimized Frequency Calibration Technique

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

3 Author(s)
Liangge Xu ; Department of Micro- and Nanosciences, Aalto University, Espoo, Finland ; Kari Stadius ; Jussi Ryynanen

This paper presents an all-digital phase-locked loop (ADPLL) that features separate use of integer and fractional parts for the phase digitization in the feedback path. This separation simplifies the circuit implementation allowing reduced power consumption and silicon area. The proposed arrangement frees the ADPLL from potential metastability hazard during fine-tuning operation. Furthermore, it eliminates spurious tones associated with frequency reference retiming. In addition, the ADPLL employs an original frequency calibration technique that allows an extremely fine calibration resolution with minimized calibration time. Theoretical analysis is provided for both the architectural modification and frequency calibration technique. The ADPLL has been implemented in a 65-nm CMOS. Its simulation and measurement results are presented.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 11 )