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Seamless Wireless Connectivity for Multimedia Services in High Speed Trains

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3 Author(s)
Karimi, O.B. ; Sch. of Comput. Sci., Simon Fraser Univ., Burnaby, BC, Canada ; Jiangchuan Liu ; Chonggang Wang

The recent advent of high speed trains introduces new mobility patterns in wireless environments. The LTE-A (Long Term Evolution of 3GPP - Advanced) networks have largely tackled the Doppler effect problem in the physical layer and are able to keep wireless service with 100Mpbs throughput within a cell in speeds up to 350 km/h. Yet the much more frequent handovers across cells greatly increases the possibility of service interruptions, and the problem is prominent for multimedia communications that demand both high-throughput and continuous connections. In this paper, we present a novel LTE-based solution to support high throughput and continuous multimedia services for high speed train passengers. Our solution is based on a Cell Array that smartly organizes the cells along a railway, together with a femto cell service that aggregates traffic demands within individual train cabins. Given that the movement direction and speed of a high-speed train are generally known, our Cell Array effectively predicts the upcoming LTE cells in service, and enables a seamless handover that will not interrupt multimedia streams. To accommodate the extreme channel variations, we further propose a scheduling and resource allocation mechanism to maximize the service rate based on periodical signal quality changes. Our simulation under diverse network and railway/train configurations demonstrates that the proposed solution achieves much lower handover latency and higher data throughput, as compared to existing solutions. It also well resists to network and traffic dynamics, thus enabling uninterrupted quality multimedia services for passengers in high speed trains.

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Selected Areas in Communications, IEEE Journal on  (Volume:30 ,  Issue: 4 )