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A Very Low-Complexity 0.3–4.4 GHz 0.004 mm  ^{2} All-Digital Ultra-Wide-Band Pulsed Transmitter for Energy Detection Receivers

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6 Author(s)
Marco Crepaldi ; Center for Space Human Robotics (CSHR) Trento 21, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia (IIT), Torino, Italy ; Davide Dapra ; Alberto Bonanno ; Ilze Aulika
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This paper presents a very low-complexity all-digital IR-UWB transmitter that can generate pulses in the band 0-5 GHz, requiring a silicon area lower than a PAD for signal I/O. The transmitter, suited to non-standardized low data rate applications, is prototyped in a 130 nm RFCMOS technology and includes analog control signals for frequency and bandwidth tuning. Center frequency is linearly selected with voltage supply, 0.5 V for the range 0-960 MHz and 1.1 V supply for the higher 3.1-5 GHz range. The architecture is based on the same delay cell for both baseband and radio frequency signal generation and pulses fractional bandwidth remains constant when voltage supply and control voltages scale. At 420 MHz center frequency, the transmitter achieves 7 pJ/pulse, and for 4 GHz center frequency pulses, it achieves 32 pJ/pulse active energy consumption. The OOK/S-OOK transmitter occupies an area of 0.004 mm2. For ASK modulation, the system includes a separate on-chip capacitor bank connected to the output of the transmitter for an overall size of 0.024 mm2. For pulse rates below 100 kpps, the generated pulses meet the FCC indoor mask with an off-chip DC block capacitor. The paper also presents over-the-air measurements using a planar monopole antenna operating in the 1.5-3.7 GHz frequency range.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 10 )