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Clock synchronization gained momentum in the recent years and became a part and parcel in the deferents distributed system including wireless sensor network, and extended its application to a sundry of industries and application fields such as military, medical, transportation to name a few. This article propose an in depth study and analysis of the different problems and hardware limitations that may be encountered and lead to the malfunctioning or non-accessibility to seamless Wireless network, hence, putting its uptime reliability in jeopardy. This paper emphasis the role of clock synchronization in a number of fundamental operations that enhances the stability between sensors and ultimately increase the lifetime and stability of wireless sensor networks. In addition, it provides an insight and reference guide for future researches to tackle time synchronization issue from a different angle(Clock drift) to suggest a practical and viable trouble shooting guides and solutions.