Skip to Main Content
The recent rapid spread of smart-phone use has resulted in a strong demand for a multi-band RF part with reduced size and power consumption. In the creation of an ideal RF system-on-a-chip, the biggest challenge is to realize a fully integrated PA in CMOS. In conventional PAs in compound semiconductor technologies, face-up wire-bond assembly with off-chip matching components is typically used, but flip-chip packaging is more suitable for slim mobile phones in which low-profile components are desired as well as for future integration with an RF transceiver in which the same packaging scheme is widely used. The PA for GSM  was insufficient for our target, so we needed to greatly improve the linearity in order to comply with the W-CDMA standard, which has better frequency-usage efficiency. Conventional CMOS PAs only support a single band [2,3] or are for WLAN  where the output power level is low (typically about 20dBm). In this paper, we present a fully-integrated triple-band linear CMOS PA for W-CDMA. Its flip-chip package is just 3.5×4×0.7mm3, and the average current consumption is less than 20mA.