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An OSPF-Integrated Routing Strategy for QoS-Aware Energy Saving in IP Backbone Networks

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5 Author(s)
Antonio Cianfrani ; DIET Department - University of Roma "Sapienza," Via Eudossiana 18, 00184 Roma, Italy ; Vincenzo Eramo ; Marco Listanti ; Marco Polverini
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This paper deals with an energy saving routing solution, called Energy Saving IP Routing (ESIR), to be applied in an IP network. ESIR operation is integrated with Open Shorthest Path First (OSPF) protocol and allows the selection of the links to be switched off so that the negative effects of the IP topology reconfiguration procedures are avoided. The basic mechanisms which ESIR is based on are the concepts of SPT exportation and move. These mechanisms allow to share a Shortest Path Tree (SPT) between neighbor routers, so that the overall set of active network links can be reduced. Properties of moves are defined and the energy saving problem in an IP network is formulated as the problem of finding the Maximum Set of Compatible Moves (MSCM). The MSCM problem is investigated in two steps: firstly, a relaxed version of the problem, named basic MSCM problem, is considered in which QoS requirements are neglected; in the second step, the solution of the full problem, named QoS-aware MSCM problem, is faced. We prove that the basic MSCM problem can be formulated as the well-known Maximum Clique Problem in a graph; instead the QoS-aware MSCM introduces a condition equivalent to the Knapsack problem. ILP formulations to solve both the problems are given and heuristics to solve them in practical cases are proposed. The performance evaluation shows that in a real ISP network scenario ESIR is able to switch off up to 30% of network links by exploiting over-provisioning adopted by operators in the network resource planning phase and typical daily traffic trend.

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IEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management  (Volume:9 ,  Issue: 3 )