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Nanocrystalline Soft Magnetic Fe-Si-B-P-Cu Alloys With High B of 1.8–1.9T Contributable to Energy Saving

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1 Author(s)
Akihiro Makino ; Institute for Materials Research,, Tohoku University,, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan

Melt-spun Fe85Si1-2B8-11P1-4Cu1 alloys have unusual hetro-amorphous structures which can transform to nanocrystalline structures composed of α-Fe grains with less than about 25 nm in size with crystallization. Especially, Fe85Si1-2B8-11P1-4Cu1 nanocrystalline soft magnetic alloys prepared by crystallizing an as-quenched nanohetero-amorphous phase including a large amount of extremely small α-Fe grains (less than 2-3 nm in size) exhibit high-B800 of 1.8-1.9 T (at 800 A/m) almost comparable to those of commercial oriented silicon steels and significantly higher than those of non-oriented silicon steels, along with extremely low core loss (W) which is 1/2-1/3 smaller than that of the highest-grade oriented silicon steel and about one-order smaller than those of non-oriented silicon steels at maximum flux density of 1.7 T. The nanocrystalline alloys with lower materials cost due to absence of rare-metals are expected to not only contribute to significant energy-saving and reduction of CO2 emission through reduction in W but also be useful to conserve the earth's resources and environment.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Magnetics  (Volume:48 ,  Issue: 4 )