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Compact Zeroth-Order Resonant Antenna Based on Dual-Arm Spiral Configuration

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3 Author(s)
Chun-Chih Liu ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Nat. Chiao Tung Univ., Hsinchu, Taiwan ; Pei-Ling Chi ; Yu-De Lin

A miniaturized and zeroth-order resonant composite right/left-handed (CRLH) antenna based on dual-arm spiral structure is presented. The proposed dual-arm spiral unit cell is able to implement and tailor the CRLH lumped elements easily in a compact fashion. Particularly, the gap coupling between the spiral arms contributes to the series capacitance CL and the metallic via-hole at the end of one arm results in the shunt inductance LL. The resonant frequency and thus the miniaturization factor can be simply engineered by the spiral parameters that determine the corresponding circuit elements. The proposed CRLH antenna is composed of two unit cells, each of which occupies only 0.066λ0 × 0.053λ0 at the operating frequency. From the experimental results, this compact antenna exhibits the dipole-like radiation patterns and has a peak gain of -0.53 dBi. The measured and simulated results are provided, and good agreement is achieved.

Published in:

Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, IEEE  (Volume:11 )