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One of the key problems in RFID is security and privacy. The implementation of authentication protocols is a flexible and effective way to solve this problem. This letter proposes a new ultralightweight RFID authentication protocol with permutation (RAPP). RAPP avoids using unbalanced OR and AND operations and introduces a new operation named permutation. The tags only involve three operations: bitwise XOR, left rotation and permutation. In addition, unlike other existing ultralightweight protocols, the last messages exchanged in RAPP are sent by the reader so as to resist de-synchronization attacks. Security analysis shows that RAPP achieves the functionalities of the authentication protocol and is resistant to various attacks. Performance evaluation illustrates that RAPP uses fewer resources on tags in terms of computation operation, storage requirement and communication cost.
Date of Publication: May 2012