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This brief presents the integration of an 8-GHz voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) and a frequency tripler for 24-GHz local oscillator generation. By stacking the VCO and the tripler with a current-reused topology, the power consumption of this integration can be saved. The proposed circuit with a total chip area of 0.7 mm × 0.8 mm is implemented in a 0.18-μm CMOS process. As the tuning voltage increases from 0 to 2 V, the measured frequency tuning range (FTR) of the VCO is from 7.06 to 8.33 GHz. The final resulting output frequency from the tripler ranges from 21.18 to 24.98 GHz (16.5% FTR). The core circuit totally consumes 5 mA from a 1.8-V supply voltage. The measured phase noises at the VCO and frequency tripler outputs are -113.76 and -105.1 dBc/Hz at 1-MHz offset frequency, respectively, when Vtune is 0 V. The best evaluated figure of merit with tuning is -187.2 dBc/Hz. This integration of a VCO and a frequency tripler exhibits a high potential for the use in low-power 24-GHz phase-locked loops.
Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:59 , Issue: 4 )
Date of Publication: April 2012