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Transform coding of speech using a weighted vector quantizer

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2 Author(s)
Moriya, T. ; NTT Labs., Tokyo, Japan ; Honda, M.

A medium-band speech coder is proposed that uses a weighted vector quantization scheme in the transformed domain. The linear prediction residue is transformed and vector-quantized. In order to control the quantization errors in the transformed domain, adaptively weighted matching is used instead of conventional adaptive bit allocation. Therefore, the residual signal can be reconstructed by the decoder, even if the spectral envelope parameters are destroyed due to transmission errors. This coder is also capable of maintaining higher SNR (signal-to-noise ratio) performance than time-domain vector quantization coders for a wide range of computation complexities and bit rates. Coded speech is natural and unaffected by background noise. The mean opinion score for this coder at 7.2 kb/s is comparable to that of 5.5-bit log PCM coded speech sampled at 6.4 kHz

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Selected Areas in Communications, IEEE Journal on  (Volume:6 ,  Issue: 2 )