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We propose a low-cost technique for simultaneous and independent optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR), chromatic dispersion (CD), and polarization-mode dispersion (PMD) monitoring in 40/56-Gb/s return-to-zero differential quadrature phase-shift keying (RZ-DQPSK) and 40-Gb/s RZ-DPSK systems, using artificial neural networks (ANN) trained with empirical moments of asynchronously sampled signal amplitudes. The proposed technique employs an extremely simple hardware and digital signal processing to enable multi-impairment monitoring at different data rates and for various modulation formats without necessitating hardware changes. Simulation results demonstrate wide dynamic ranges and good monitoring accuracies.
Date of Publication: June15, 2012