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This paper presents temporal noise measurement results for several total ionizing dose (TID) steps up to 2.19 Mrad of an image sensor designed with a 0.18-μm CMOS image sensor process. The noise measurements are focused on the random telegraph signal (RTS) noise due to the in-pixel source follower transistor of the sensor readout chain inducing noisy pixels. Results show no significant RTS noise degradation up to 300 krad of TID. Beyond this TID step, a limited RTS noise degradation is observed, and for the 2.19-Mrad step, an additional increase of total noise, including thermal, 1/f, and RTS noises, is noted. Noisy pixels have been studied for high TIDs, and three cases have been observed: 1) no change on RTS behavior; 2) creation of RTS behavior; and 3) modifications of RTS behavior.
Date of Publication: June 2012