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This work explains how to analyze the aggregate electricity consumption of many consumers, and extract key components such as heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC), residential lighting, and street lighting consumption from the total consumption. To avoid explicit modeling of dependencies on time of day and on working versus non-working days, least-squares fitting for outside temperature and natural illumination dependency proceeds independently for each hour of the day. Cubic polynomials model dependencies on Steadman apparent temperature and on log-scale illumination, but spline surfaces are best when considering these variables jointly. The primary focus is on residential consumption, but the same techniques can be used for studying street lighting, commercial and industrial consumption.
Date of Conference: 13-16 Nov. 2011