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The Multi-Angle Imaging Spectroradiometer (MISR) is a powerful sensor for leaf area index (LAI) mapping with its simultaneous multi-angle observations. However, the LAI product derived from MISR observations has low temporal resolution, which is unsatisfactory for many applications. This paper presents an algorithm that expands the MISR LAI product to high temporal resolution with the aid of Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data. The algorithm establishes relationships between the MISR LAI and the MODIS red/near-infrared band ratio (simple ratio (SR)) pixel by pixel using coincident data of these two sensors for the past nine years. Using these pixel-based SR-LAI relationships, a new LAI product with the merits of the original MISR product and high temporal resolution is obtained from MODIS surface reflectance. The expanded LAI series was compared with the original MISR and MODIS LAI products, as well as field LAI measurements made at the Baohe and Maoershan forest sites and the Hulunbeier grassland site, to assess the algorithm's performance. The results show that the temporal coverage of the MISR LAI improved from 15.5% to 65.2% in an 8-day composite, and the mean root-mean-square error is 0.74 for the vegetated pixels. This LAI product has similar temporal consistency and seasonal dynamics to the existing MODIS LAI product generated from the main algorithm, but is more robust against the low quality of reflectance inputs. The expanded LAI product differs with field measurements by about 11.5%, with agreement to field observations at all three sites within an accuracy of 0.8 LAI.
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:50 , Issue: 10 )
Date of Publication: Oct. 2012