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Symmetric Double V-Shaped Microstrip Meander-Line Slow-Wave Structure for W-Band Traveling-Wave Tube

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8 Author(s)
Fei Shen ; National Key Laboratory of Science and Technology on Vacuum Electronics, School of Physical Electronics, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, China ; Yanyu Wei ; Xiong Xu ; Yang Liu
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A design study for a low-voltage, high-efficiency, and wide-bandwidth W-band traveling-wave tube using a symmetric double V-shaped microstrip meander-line slow-wave structure combined with a sheet electron beam is described in this paper. The electromagnetic characteristics including the dispersion characteristics, interaction impedance, and transmission characteristics of this structure are presented, and the beam-wave interaction is calculated using particle-in-cell algorithms. Our study shows that, when the design voltage and current of the sheet electron beam are set to 4570 V and 100 mA, respectively, this miniature millimeter-wave power amplifier is capable of delivering several tens of watts output power, and the peak output power is about 110 W with a corresponding gain of 31.4 dB and an averaged electronic efficiency of 12% at 94 GHz.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 5 )