By Topic

The Advantages and Challenges of Helical Coils for Small Accelerators—A Case Study

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

8 Author(s)
Witte, H. ; John Adams Inst. for Accel. Sci., Univ. of Oxford, Oxford, UK ; Yokoi, T. ; Sheehy, S.L. ; Peach, K.
more authors

Most of today's particle accelerators are used in industry or for medical applications, for example, in radioisotope production and cancer therapy. One important factor for these applications is the size of the accelerator, which ideally should be as small as possible. In this respect, fixed-field alternating-gradient accelerators (FFAGs) can be an attractive alternative, which combine the best features of conventional synchrotrons and cyclotrons: FFAGs deliver better performance than synchrotrons while retaining flexibility. Of particular interest are accelerators for protons of moderate energy (0.25-1 GeV) and light ions such as carbon (up to 400 MeV per nucleon), for example, for proton/carbon-ion charged particle therapy or potential future applications such as accelerator-driven subcritical reactors. Due to high magnetic rigidity, a compact machine can be only achieved by using high field superconducting magnets. A disadvantage of FFAGs is that the magnetic elements can be very challenging. Quite often, complicated multipole fields are required, in combination with stringent geometric constraints. In this paper, we demonstrate the advantages of helical coil technology by means of an accelerator for proton therapy.

Published in:

Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:22 ,  Issue: 2 )