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Electromagnetic Near-Field Nanoantennas for Subdiffraction-Limited Surface Plasmon-Enhanced Light Microscopy

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3 Author(s)
Wonju Lee ; Sch. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Yonsei Univ., Seoul, South Korea ; Kyujung Kim ; Donghyun Kim

We investigate electromagnetically amplified local fields or hot spots created by surface nanoantennas for subdiffraction-limited plasmon-enhanced microscopy under total internal reflection at angled light incidence. Different shapes of near-field hot spots were calculated by varying geometrical parameters of nanoantenna structures. An inverse relationship between full-width-at-half-maximum (FWHM) and ellipticity of a hot spot was found. Among the three patterns considered, square nanoantenna patterns provided the smallest FWHM ellipticity product with a spot size of approximately 53 × 110 nm2 due to efficient plasmon localization. The size of a nanopattern affects FWHM significantly by producing a smaller hot spot if the size decreases. The effects of other parameters are also discussed.

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Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:18 ,  Issue: 6 )