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Grid Array Antennas With Subarrays and Multiple Feeds for 60-GHz Radios

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2 Author(s)
Bing Zhang ; Sch. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Nanyang Technol. Univ., Singapore, Singapore ; Yue Ping Zhang

A grid array antenna is presented in this paper with sub grid arrays and multiple feed points, showing enhanced radiation characteristics and sufficient design flexibility. For instance, the grid array antenna can be easily designed as a linearly- or circularly-polarized, unbalanced or balanced antenna. A design example is given for a linearly-polarized unbalanced grid array antenna in Ferro A6M low temperature co-fired ceramic technology for 60-GHz radios to operate from 57 to 66 GHz (≈ 14.6% at 61.5 GHz ). It consists of 4 sub grid arrays and 4 feed points that are connected to a single-ended 50-Ω source by a quarter-wave matched T-junction network. The simulated results indicate that the grid array antenna has the maximum gain of 17.7 dBi at 59 GHz , an impedance bandwidth (|S11| ≤ -10 dB) nearly from 56 to 67.5 GHz (or 18.7%), a 3-dB gain bandwidth from 55.4 to 66 GHz (or 17.2%), and a vertical beam bandwidth in the broadside direction from 57 to 66 GHz (14.6%). The measured results are compared with the simulated ones. Discrepancies and their causes are identified with a tolerance analysis on the fabrication process.

Published in:

Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:60 ,  Issue: 5 )