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A SiO2/Al2O3 double dielectric stack layer was deposited on the surface of a GaN-based light-emitting diode (LED). The double dielectric stack layer increases the optical output power of the LED because the first Al2O3 layer plays a role as an effective surface passivation layer and the second SiO2 layer with lower index increases the critical angle of the emitted light and hence the overall extraction efficiency from the LED. The leakage current of the LED passivated with an Al2O3 layer was -3.46 ×10-11 A at -5 V, at least two and three orders lower in magnitude compared to that passivated with a SiO2 layer (-7.14 ×10-9 A) and that of the nonpassivated LED(-1.9 ×10-8 A), respectively, which indicates that the Al2O3 layer is very effective in passivating the exposed GaN surface after dry etching and hence reduces the nonradiative recombination as well as reabsorption of the emitted light near the etched surface.
Date of Publication: April 2012