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Once Upon a Pocket: Programmable Calculators from the Late 1970s and Early 1980s and the Social Networks Around Them

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2 Author(s)
Dejan Ristanović ; PC Press, Serbia ; Jelica Protić

Programmable pocket calculators of the mid-1970s opened up a new segment of the personal computing devices market. Calculator users established clubs, magazines, and conferences, and their interaction with manufacturers shaped the products' further development. This article explores one of the understudied roots of personal computing, through the evolution of the user communities formed around the TI-59 and HP-41C calculators.

Published in:

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing  (Volume:34 ,  Issue: 3 )