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Estimation of Sideslip and Roll Angles of Electric Vehicles Using Lateral Tire Force Sensors Through RLS and Kalman Filter Approaches

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4 Author(s)
Kanghyun Nam ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Univ. of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan ; Sehoon Oh ; Fujimoto, H. ; Hori, Y.

Robust estimation of vehicle states (e.g., vehicle sideslip angle and roll angle) is essential for vehicle stability control applications such as yaw stability control and roll stability control. This paper proposes novel methods for estimating sideslip angle and roll angle using real-time lateral tire force measurements, obtained from the multisensing hub units, for practical applications to vehicle control systems of in-wheel-motor-driven electric vehicles. In vehicle sideslip estimation, a recursive least squares (RLS) algorithm with a forgetting factor is utilized based on a linear vehicle model and sensor measurements. In roll angle estimation, the Kalman filter is designed by integrating available sensor measurements and roll dynamics. The proposed estimation methods, RLS-based sideslip angle estimator, and the Kalman filter are evaluated through field tests on an experimental electric vehicle. The experimental results show that the proposed estimator can accurately estimate the vehicle sideslip angle and roll angle. It is experimentally confirmed that the estimation accuracy is improved by more than 50% comparing to conventional method's one (see rms error shown in Fig. 4). Moreover, the feasibility of practical applications of the lateral tire force sensors to vehicle state estimation is verified through various test results.

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Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:60 ,  Issue: 3 )