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Design of a spoke-type permanent-magnet motor with optimal winding configuration for electric vehicle applications

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6 Author(s)
Chen, Qian ; School of Electrical and Information Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China ; Guohai Liu ; Wensheng Gong ; Qu, Li
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The spoke-type motor has higher torque density than the conventional one resulting from its structure for concentrating flux from permanent magnets (PMs). However, this motor suffers from the serious distortion of back electromotive force (EMF). This paper proposes a cost-effective approach to design a spoke-type motor with lower harmonics of back-EMF for electric vehicle. The key is to superimpose the coil-EMF of one phase in such a way that the harmonics of the phase-EMF can be canceled, resulting in essentially sinusoidal waveforms. By using finite element method (FEM), an optimal coil-EMF vectors distribution for minimum harmonics of the phase-EMF is obtained and verified. In addition, the co-simulation technology is adopted to verify that the torque ripple under the optimal winding configuration can be significantly suppressed.

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Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:111 ,  Issue: 7 )