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Control of Robotic Manipulators Under Input/Output Communication Delays: Theory and Experiments

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2 Author(s)
Yen-Chen Liu ; Department of Mechanical Engineering , University of Maryland, College Park, USA ; Nikhil Chopra

Input/output delays in a control system can pose significant impediments to the stabilization problem and potentially degrade the performance of the closed-loop system. In this paper, we study the classical set-point control problem for rigid robots with input-output communication delays in the closed-loop system. We demonstrate that if there are transmission delays between the robotic system and the controller, then the use of the scattering variables can stabilize an otherwise unstable system for arbitrary unknown constant delays. It is also demonstrated that the proposed algorithm results in guaranteed set-point tracking. In the case of time-varying delays, scattering variables together with additional gains can be utilized to stabilize the closed-loop system that is composed of the robotic manipulator and the controller. Furthermore, a scattering representation-based design with position feedback is proposed to improve closed-loop performance under time-varying delays. The proposed algorithms are validated via experiments in this paper.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Robotics  (Volume:28 ,  Issue: 3 )