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Multipulse pulse position modulation (MPPM) has been widely proposed to improve data rate over traditional pulse position modulation (PPM) in free-space optical communication systems. Encoders for MPPM are typically lookup-table-based, thus restricting the practical size of MPPM codebooks. Power-of-two-sized MPPM codebooks typically do not have an efficient soft-in soft-out decoder, making them poorly suited for concatenation with an outer code under iterative decoding. In this paper, a new coding technique based on constrained coding is introduced that allows construction of codes which have an efficient encoding algorithm. More importantly, these new codes are suitable for iterative soft-decision decoding in concatenation with an outer error-correcting code. Simulation results for both the Gaussian and Poisson channels show that a serial concatenation with an outer low-density parity-check code (LDPC) can achieve between 2 to 3 dB coding gain over comparable Reed-Solomon and LDPC-coded MPPM systems.
Date of Publication: April 2012